Source Apportionment of Atmospheric Pollutants Workshop
27-28 February 2013, JRC Ispra (IT)
Quantifying the contribution of emission sources to atmospheric pollution is a key element for the development of any effective air quality management policy. Indeed, source apportionment (SA) is required for the implementation of the Directives on Air Quality (Directives 2008/50/EC and 2004/107/EC).
In order to fill a gap in the knowledge about the assessment of SA models’ performances, the JRC launched in 2010 an initiative for the evaluation and harmonization of SA techniques, initially focused on receptor models (RM).
The initiative, involving European experts and scientists from USA and South America, consists of three main activities:
- to accomplish a review on the use of RM in Europe,
- to organize European-wide intercomparsion exercises for RM, and
- to develope a European common technical protocol for RM.
The outcome of this and other initiatives will be presented and discussed in the third Workshop on “Source Apportionment of Atmospheric Pollutants”, co-organised by the JRC and ACCENT PLUS, that will take place at the JRC Ispra site on 27-28 February 2013. The workshop is aimed at European and international experts working on identification of atmospheric pollutant sources.
Keynote address on 'New tools for improved analyses with Positive Matrix Factorization' will be given by Professor Philip K. Hopke - Director of the Center for the Environment and Director of the Center for Air Resources Engineering and Science, Clarkson University (NY) USA.
For more details see the attached draft agenda.
[ Draft Agenda ]
Ship-borne measurements show EU policies have improved air quality in harbours
Sulphur dioxide emissions from shipping have sharply decreased in EU ports thanks to stricter EU rules for sulphur content in fuels used by ships at berth or at anchor in ports.
Scientists at the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the Commission's in-house science service, measured key air quality parameters in Mediterranean harbours before and after the entry into force of the low-sulphur requirements in January 2010.
They found that in the EU harbours Civitavecchia, Savona, Barcelona and Palma de Mallorca, the concentration of sulphur dioxide had fallen by 66% on average. Sulphur dioxide is one of the main chemicals responsible for formation of acid rain and particulate air pollution, posing risks to human health and the environment. Measurements taken in the port of Tunis, where the EU rules do not apply, showed that levels of this noxious substance remained the same.
The JRC study published today in the scientific journal Atmospheric Environment confirms that the decreases in sulphur dioxide and consequently the improvement of the air quality in harbours are a direct consequence of the application of EU requirements.
The air quality measurements were carried out using an automated monitoring station on the cruise ship Costa Pacifica which followed a fixed weekly route in the Western Mediterranean during 2009 and 2010.
Research at JRC in Support of EU Climate Change Policy Making
This fourth edition of "Research at JRC in Support of EU Climate Change Policy Making" describes JRC research activities and results that contributed to EC policy initiatives on climate change.
This booklet further presents a wide range of activities that need to be addressed in order to contribute to a sound science base for future policy action. The full series of the report contains information on the JRC's work in the field since 2003.
Per capita CO2 emissions in China reach EU levels
Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) – the main cause of global warming – increased by 3% last year. In China, the world’s most populous country, average emissions of CO2 increased by 9% to 7.2 tonnes per capita, bringing China within the range of 6 to 19 tonnes per capita emissions of the major industrialised countries. In the European Union, CO2 emissions dropped by 3% to 7.5 tonnes per capita. The United States remain one of the largest emitters of CO2, with 17.3 tonnes per capita, despite a decline due to the recession in 2008-2009, high oil prices and an increased share of natural gas. According to the annual report ‘Trends in global CO2 emissions’, released today by the JRC and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), the top emitters contributing to the global 34 billion tonnes of CO2 in 2011 are: China (29%), the United States (16%), the European Union (11%), India (6%), the Russian Federation (5%) and Japan (4%). With 3%, the 2011 increase in global CO2 emissions is above the past decade's average annual increase of 2.7%. An estimated cumulative global total of 420 billion tonnes of CO2 has been emitted between 2000 and 2011 due to human activities, including deforestation. Scientific literature suggests that limiting the rise in average global temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels – the target internationally adopted in UN climate negotiations – is possible only if cumulative CO2 emissions in the period 2000–2050 do not exceed 1 000 to 1 500 billion tonnes. If the current global trend of increasing CO2 emissions continues, cumulative emissions will surpass this limit within the next two decades
Measuring Air Pollution over the Mediterranean Sea from a cruise Ship
Ecosystems and their role in fighting Climate Change
Evaluating the efficiency of environmental policies in Europe and in the world
What is the actual impact of air pollution locally and on global scale? What can be expected from the implementation of emission ceilings and other measures that are gradually being implemented? How will policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions help to further improve the air quality? What is the optimal mix of measures to obtain the desired targets in terms of air quality and climate?
Determining the impact of air pollution on climate
GHG in AFOLU data: Green House Gases in Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses
Related to implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, provides an overview on policies and bodies; a toolbox for estimating GHG and Carbon fluxes and stocks based on research, models and data.
[ read more ]
EDGAR, Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research
The EDGAR v4.0 provides insight in 36 years (1970-2005) global past and present day anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants by country and on spatial grid.
[ read more ]
Assesment of global air pollution
The TM5 model is a 3D atmospheric chemistry-transport ZOOM model. It allows the definition of arbitrary zoom regions, which are 2-way nested into the global model. Thus simulations at relatively high spatial resolution (currently 1x1 degrees longitude-latitude) can be performed over selected regions, with boundary conditions always provided consistently from the global model.
Regional Climate Model: Climate Scenarios for Europe
Do we understand the present climate over Europe and can we predict its changes in the future? Which tools are available to investigate the complex relationships between natural systems and human activities? Are we able to predict the impacts of the changing climate on the environment (floods/droughts, agriculture, etc.)?
[ read more... ]
Consequences of man-made Nitrogen input into the world's oceans
The CCAQU report series
|On the occasion of the COP 17, the JRC issued the fourth edition of ‘Research at JRC in Support of EU Climate Change Policy Making’ which describes JRC research activities and results that contributed to EC policy initiatives on climate change since 2009. This booklet further represents a wide range of activities that need to be addressed in order to contribute to a sound science base for future policy action.||EN||download|
|The report describes the results of scenario studies evaluating the impacts on air quality and climate of air pollution and climate policies, through a coupling of the POLES energy model, the EDGAR database, and the atmospheric chemistry transport model TM5.||EN||download|
|Atmospheric Monitoring and Inverse Modelling for Verification of National and EU Bottom-up GHG Inventories||EN||download|
|Che mostra in un'unica prospettiva cosa sia il Clima, come la vita fondamentalmente dipenda da esso, come l'uomo lo stia cambiando, e quali siano le opzioni tecniche e politiche per mantenerlo favorevole ai futuri nove miliardi di uomini sul nostro pianeta||IT||download|
|L´aria è ciò che noi respiriamo inconsciamente minuto dopo minuto, giorno dopo giorno. L´aria è un elemento necessario per la nostra vita. Comunque, possiamo cominciare la sua storia partendo lontano dalla nostra esperienza quotidiana nel sistema solare.||IT||download|
|Tintoretto||A spectral approach for improving the air quality||Ioannis Kioutsioukis||link|
|29a||What can econometrics contribute to the science of climate change?||Paolo Paruolo||link|
|Leonardo||MONAQ: using space air quality measurement techniques for aircraft fine scale monitoring.||Johan de Vries||link|
|Library 29||Recent developments in the EMEP model||Michael Schulz||link|
We are part of the European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC), and work within its institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES). We provide scientific support for the development and monitoring of European policies in the area of regional and global air pollution and climate change: the Kyoto protocol and beyond.